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如何进行拉片(影片分析)--景别(五)

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发表于 2013-12-26 21:44:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  五 景 别

  电影的景别,是一个电影镜头和画面的视党形式的表述语言。表面上是一个造型元素,实际上是一个教事的手段。

  景别最最根本的含义,是表达画面所包括的范围。电影景别的划分大体上有如下的几种形式;l)大远景,2)远景,3)大全景,4)全景,5)中景,6)中近景,对近景,8)特写,9)大特写。

  电影中的景别,是影片视觉效果、导演语言风格的外在形式之—。决定影片风格,决定叙事风格,决定视党风格,决定导演风格。

  我们在分析影片的过程中,对于影片的是别的把握重点是在于全片,而不在于具体的某一个镜头。分析的重点在如下几个方面:

  1.影片全片的叙事过程中,以什么样的镜头画面景别为主?在影片中是一种什么样的主导趋势?对影片的风格起到了什么样的作用?

  2.场景中重要的人物对话镜头是以什么样的镜头景别为主?镜头景别变化之间有什么样的规律和特点?对于影片中的人物刻画和叙事的推动有什么样的帮助?

  3.电影场景中的内景的景别特点是什么?外景的景别特点是什么?这两种景别交织在一起是一种什么样的效果?特别是要分析景别分别在外景和内景当中对于人物、叙事、对话、动作的表现和表达都起到了什么样的作用?

  4.每一个场景的开始的镜头和结束的镜头的景别的应用有什么样的特点?镜头剪接中景别的变化有什么样的规律?

  5.全片中,镜头画面的景别的变化幅度是什么?对影片的节奏有什么样的影响?景别的这种变化对影片的叙事有什么样的帮助?

  6.分析在动作的场景中,人物的动作和镜头景别的应用有什么样的特点和形式?

  7.景别的运用以及最终画面完成的效果对于影片的风格有什么样的作用?

  8.不同的景别运用,对于画面的构图有什么样的影响和帮助?

  9.分析景别的应用对于环境的气氛,空间的表达,场景有什么样的作用?

  10.分析不同的景别对人物形象和人物动作的表达。我们看到的影片,有的时候,赋予某一个人物以一个特定的景别,在有些情况下,不同的景别对不同的人物形象、不同的叙事内容、不同的情绪要求、不同的动作表达会起到非常重要的作用。

  11.分析电影的景别对影片的节奏所起的作用。(来源:网络)
发表于 2019-12-12 10:59:14 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2019-12-12 14:33:17 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2019-12-14 06:47:50 | 显示全部楼层

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